THE DREAM WORLD
What Are Dreams?
Human beings dream, and so do, scientists believe, most mammals and some birds. On the most basic level, a dream is the experience you have of envisioned images, sounds, or other sensations while you sleep. They are an internal mental process. But dreams are actually much more than that. Sigmund Freud’s theory was that your dreams are an expression of what you’re repressing during the time you are awake. And Carl Jung believed that dreams provide messages about “lost” or “neglected” parts of our selves that need to be reintegrated. Many dreams simply come from a preoccupation with the day’s activities. But some offer rich, symbolic expressions — an interface between the conscious and the unconscious that can fill in the gaps of our self-knowledge and provide information and insight.